Look at making survival weapons to be used in the wilderness. Most Survival guides, or survival school trainers skip this skill, but it could be a mistake. We all would be happy to carry our rifle, shotgun, or handgun, but on the off chance that you get stuck without your “best friend”, let’s go over some helpful items that you can make or find pretty expeditiously.
- Staff: Pick a large fairly straight piece of hardwood that is tall enough to reach eye level. This will help with steep hikes, to check areas for snakes, can be used to keep brush out of your eyes, and makes a great weapon. You will want to find one that is thick enough to be strong, but thin enough to fit the palm of your hand.
- Club: Smaller than the staff, clubs are much easier to handle one-handed.
- Simple Club: basically a staff that is easier to wield because it is shorter, but it needs to be long enough to cause damage, and strong enough to withstand it. Straight-Grained hardwood is best.
- Weighted Club: Simple club with a weight on one end. This could be a knot that is natural in the wood, or a rock lashed to it. You can make split-handled clubs, forked-branch clubs, and wrapped-handle clubs.
- Sling Club: A weighted club that has the weight hanging 4 or so inches from the club by strong lashing. It creates a force multiplier on impact.
- Knife: A well made knife is best, but if you must make your own, you will typically need to use stone, bone, wood, or metal.
- Stone: Use large chipping tool made from large wood or bone to chip off thin flat pieces, and then use a flaking tool made of bone, antler, or iron to press the edges of the stone to make the opposite side flake off to create a sharp edge. Edges don’t hold extremely well.
- Bone: You can use a large bone broken with a rock for a puncture knife. Just choose a sharp splintered piece. Sharpen the edges on a rough rock. Edges will not hold, so don’t try cutting or chopping with it.
- Wood: Another best for puncturing. Only use the straight grain, not the core of the wood. Sharpen to a point and fire harden by lightly charring it. Then sharpen it a coarse stone.
- Metal: Not very likely, but metal can be found and repurposed. You can usually shape and sharpen it on coarse rock. You can also hammer out a single edge on a cold blade.
- Spear: You can make spear blades using the same techniques as knife making, but you will affix it onto a wood shaft. You can also make basic fire hardened wood spears.
- Throwing Stick, Rabbit Stick: Find a stick that has a natural 45 degree bend in it and shave the sides down until it is flat like a boomerang. You will not be good at this if you don’t practice with it first. Throwing sticks can be used to take down small game.
- Archery Bow: You will typically shave one side of a stick on both ends and notch out the ends for cordage. see photo.
- Arrow Tip: You will use the same procedures for stone knife making. Flint or chert is best for this. Broken glass also works.
- Bola: Extremely effective to capture running game. Make it by tying three cords together of the same length and tie an 8 ounce rock to the ends. Twirl from the adjoining knot over your head and release it at your target.
These are just some of the field expedient weaponry that you can make. I really respect people that learn these techniques and skills, but would say that they should never ACTUALLY have to use them, if they always have their bug out bag and bug out gear with them.
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